How To Get Rid Of Bad Bacteria In Your Gut

How to Get Rid of Bad Gut Bacteria: 12 Steps to a Healthier Gut

How To Get Rid Of Bad Bacteria In Your Gut

Gut health is one of the most important factors in maintaining overall health and well-being. The gut plays host to a variety of bacteria, both good and bad. While some bacteria are helpful in maintaining a healthy digestive system, others can cause various health problems. In this article, we will discuss 12 steps to help you get rid of bad gut bacteria and achieve a healthier gut.

1. Limit Your Sugar Intake

sugar limit

Sugar feeds bad gut bacteria, allowing them to grow and multiply. Limiting your sugar intake can help reduce the population of bad bacteria in your gut. Try to avoid processed foods and drinks that contain added sugars.

1.1 Read Food Labels

When grocery shopping, make a habit of reading food labels. Look for added sugars in the ingredient list and try to choose products that are low in or free of added sugars.

1.2 Choose Natural Sweeteners

If you need to sweeten your food or drinks, choose natural sweeteners like honey or maple syrup instead of refined sugar. These natural sweeteners contain beneficial nutrients and are less likely to feed bad gut bacteria.

2. Eat Fermented Foods

fermented foods

Fermented foods are rich in beneficial bacteria that can help improve gut health. Incorporating fermented foods like yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, and kimchi into your diet can help increase the population of good gut bacteria and crowd out the bad ones.

2.1 Start Slowly

If you’re not used to eating fermented foods, start slowly to avoid digestive discomfort. Begin with small portions and gradually increase your intake over time.

2.2 Make Your Own Fermented Foods

If you’re feeling adventurous, consider making your own fermented foods at home. This allows you to control the quality and quantity of the fermentation process and ensure that you’re getting the most beneficial bacteria possible.

3. Eat Prebiotic Foods

prebiotic foods

Prebiotics are a type of fiber that feeds beneficial gut bacteria. Eating prebiotic-rich foods like garlic, onions, bananas, and asparagus can help promote the growth of good gut bacteria and inhibit the growth of bad ones.

3.1 Cook with Garlic and Onions

Garlic and onions are both powerful prebiotics that can be easily added to your cooking. Try adding them to soups, stews, and stir-fries for a flavorful way to promote gut health.

3.2 Snack on Bananas and Apples

Bananas and apples are both excellent sources of prebiotic fiber. Snacking on these fruits throughout the day can help keep your gut bacteria balanced and healthy.

4. Take Probiotic Supplements

probiotic supplements

If you’re not getting enough beneficial bacteria from your diet, taking probiotic supplements can help. Probiotics are live bacteria that can help improve gut health and reduce the population of bad bacteria.

4.1 Choose a Quality Supplement

When choosing a probiotic supplement, look for one that contains a variety of beneficial bacteria strains and has a high CFU (colony-forming units) count. This ensures that you’re getting the most effective product possible.

4.2 Take as Directed

Be sure to follow the instructions on your probiotic supplement and take it as directed. Taking too much or too little can reduce its effectiveness.

5. Avoid Antibiotics When Possible


Antibiotics are powerful medications that kill both good and bad bacteria in the body. While they can be necessary in certain situations, overuse of antibiotics can lead to an imbalance of gut bacteria and other health problems. Try to avoid antibiotics when possible and only take them when prescribed by a doctor.

5.1 Consider Natural Remedies

If you have a minor infection or illness, consider using natural remedies like garlic, honey, and tea tree oil before resorting to antibiotics. These remedies can help support the immune system and promote healing without disrupting the balance of good and bad gut bacteria.

5.2 Take Probiotics after Antibiotics

If you do need to take antibiotics, be sure to take probiotics afterward to help restore the balance of gut bacteria. Wait a few hours after taking antibiotics before taking probiotics to ensure that the antibiotics have had time to work.

6. Eat a High-Fiber Diet

high-fiber diet

A high-fiber diet can help promote gut health by providing beneficial prebiotic fiber and promoting regular bowel movements. Aim to eat a variety of high-fiber foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.

6.1 Increase Fiber Gradually

If you’re not used to eating a lot of fiber, increase your intake gradually to avoid digestive discomfort. Begin by adding one high-fiber food to your diet each day and working up to the recommended daily intake of 25-30 grams.

6.2 Drink Plenty of Water

Drinking plenty of water is essential when eating a high-fiber diet. Fiber absorbs water and can cause digestive discomfort if you’re not properly hydrated.

7. Manage Stress

manage stress

Stress can have a significant impact on gut health and can even cause an imbalance of gut bacteria. Finding healthy ways to manage stress, like exercise, meditation, or therapy, can help promote a healthy gut.

7.1 Exercise Regularly

Regular exercise has been shown to help reduce stress levels and improve gut health. Aim to exercise for at least 30 minutes most days of the week.

7.2 Practice Meditation

Meditation is a powerful stress-reducing tool that can help promote a healthy gut. Start by practicing for just a few minutes each day and gradually work up to longer sessions.

8. Get Enough Sleep

get enough sleep

Sleep is crucial for overall health, including gut health. Getting enough restful sleep each night can help reduce stress levels and promote a healthy gut.

8.1 Aim for 7-8 Hours of Sleep

Most adults need 7-8 hours of sleep each night to feel rested and refreshed. Make sleep a priority by creating a relaxing bedtime routine and sticking to a consistent sleep schedule.

8.2 Avoid Stimulants before Bedtime

Stimulants like caffeine and alcohol can interfere with sleep quality and disrupt gut health. Avoid consuming these substances before bedtime to ensure a restful night’s sleep.

9. Stay Hydrated

stay hydrated

Drinking enough water is essential for maintaining a healthy gut. Water helps flush toxins out of the body and promotes regular bowel movements.

9.1 Drink Plenty of Water throughout the Day

Aim to drink at least 8 glasses of water each day to stay properly hydrated. Carry a water bottle with you throughout the day to stay on track.

9.2 Avoid Sugary Drinks

Sugary drinks like soda and juice can disrupt gut health and contribute to the growth of bad bacteria. Stick to water, herbal tea, and other non-sugary beverages.

10. Limit Alcohol Consumption

limit alcohol

Excessive alcohol consumption can have a negative impact on gut health by killing good bacteria and promoting the growth of bad ones. Limiting your alcohol intake can help promote a healthy gut.

10.1 Stick to Moderate Drinking

For most adults, moderate drinking means up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men. Stick to these guidelines to minimize the negative impact on gut health.

10.2 Take a Break from Drinking

If you’ve been drinking heavily, consider taking a break to give your gut bacteria a chance to recover. Aim to abstain from alcohol for at least a few days each week.

11. Quit Smoking

quit smoking

Smoking can have a significant negative impact on gut health by disrupting the balance of gut bacteria and contributing to various health problems. Quitting smoking can help promote a healthy gut and overall health.

11.1 Seek Help to Quit

Quitting smoking can be challenging, but it’s worth it for the health benefits. Seek help from a healthcare professional or support group to increase your chances of success.

11.2 Use Nicotine Replacement Therapy

Nicotine replacement therapy, like gum or patches, can help reduce cravings and make quitting smoking easier. Talk to your healthcare provider about whether nicotine replacement therapy is right for you.

12. Consider a Gut-Healing Protocol

gut healing

If you’re struggling with chronic gut problems, consider trying a gut-healing protocol. These protocols aim to restore gut health by eliminating common irritants and promoting healthy gut bacteria.

12.1 Consult with a Healthcare Professional

Before embarking on a gut-healing protocol, consult with a healthcare professional to ensure that it’s safe and appropriate for your specific situation.

12.2 Follow the Protocol as Directed

Follow the gut-healing protocol as directed, including any dietary restrictions, supplements, and lifestyle changes. Be patient and persistent, as it may take time to see results.

Bad Gut Bacteria Good Gut Bacteria
Clostridium difficile Bifidobacteria
Escherichia coli (E. coli) Lactobacillus
Salmonella Streptococcus thermophilus


What are the symptoms of an imbalanced gut?

Some common symptoms of an imbalanced gut include bloating, gas, constipation, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. However, imbalanced gut bacteria can also contribute to various health problems throughout the body.

How long does it take to see results from improving gut health?

The timeline for seeing results from improving gut health can vary depending on the individual and the specific changes made. In general, it may take several weeks or even months to notice improvements in gut health.

Are there any risks to taking probiotic supplements?

While probiotic supplements are generally safe for most people, there is a risk of infection in individuals with weakened immune systems. It’s important to choose a quality supplement and follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.


Gut health is a critical component of overall health and well-being. By following the 12 steps outlined in this article, you can help get rid of bad gut bacteria and promote a healthier gut. Incorporating fermented foods, eating prebiotic-rich foods, taking probiotic supplements, managing stress, getting enough sleep, and staying hydrated are just a few of the ways you can support your gut health. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional before making any significant dietary or lifestyle changes.