How to Get Rid of Attic Rats: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you hearing scurrying noises in your attic, especially at night? Do you see signs of droppings or chewed wires? Chances are, you have a rat infestation in your attic. Rats can cause damage to your electrical wiring or insulation, and transmit diseases to humans and pets. It’s crucial to get rid of them as soon as possible to prevent further damage and health risks. In this guide, we will provide you with four efficient steps on how to get rid of attic rats.

Step 1: Identify the Signs of Rat Infestation

The first step in getting rid of rats in your attic is to identify the signs of their presence. Some signs you should look out for include:

1. Scurrying sounds in the attic, especially at night when rats are active.
2. Gnawed wires, insulation, or cardboard boxes.
3. Droppings that look like small black pellets.
4. Grease marks along walls or beams caused by rats’ oil-rich fur.
5. Nests made of shredded materials such as paper, cloth, or insulation.
6. Unpleasant odor caused by urine and feces.

If you notice any of these signs, it’s time to take action.

Step 2: Seal Off Entry Points

Rats can enter your attic through openings as tiny as a quarter. Therefore, one of the essential steps in rat control is to seal off any entry points they may use to get into your attic. Some places where rats commonly enter include:

1. Gaps around doors and windows.
2. Holes or cracks in walls and foundation.
3. Vents or chimneys without covers.
4. Attic vents without screens.

To seal off these entry points, you can use materials such as steel wool, caulk, or foam insulation. Make sure to seal any gaps or holes in your attic’s walls, ceiling, and floor. You can also install covers on vents or chimneys to prevent rats from entering your attic.

Step 3: Set Rat Traps

Once you’ve sealed off any entry points, your next step is to set rat traps to capture or kill the rats in your attic. There are several types of rat traps you can use, including:

1. Snap traps that kill rats instantly.
2. Glue traps that trap rats until you dispose of them.
3. Live traps that capture rats without harming them.

When setting rat traps, make sure to place them in areas where you’ve noticed rat activity, such as along walls or near nests. You can also use bait such as peanut butter or cheese to attract rats to the traps. Check the traps regularly and dispose of any dead rats to prevent the spread of disease and unpleasant odor.

Step 4: Clean and Disinfect Your Attic

After you’ve captured or killed the rats in your attic, it’s crucial to clean and disinfect the area to prevent the spread of disease and remove any unpleasant odors. You can follow these steps to clean and disinfect your attic:

1. Wear protective clothing such as gloves and a mask to avoid contact with rat droppings or urine.
2. Remove any debris or loose insulation that rats may have used for nesting.
3. Vacuum up any rat droppings or urine using a HEPA-filtered vacuum cleaner.
4. Disinfect any surfaces or areas where rats have been using a solution of bleach and water.
5. Replace any damaged insulation or electrical wiring.

Repeat this cleaning and disinfecting process periodically to keep your attic rat-free and prevent any health risks.


Q1. What kind of diseases can rats transmit to humans?
A1. Rats can transmit diseases such as leptospirosis, salmonellosis, or hantavirus through their droppings or urine.

Q2. Can I use poison to get rid of rats in my attic?
A2. Using poison to get rid of rats in your attic is not recommended, as it poses a risk to pets and wildlife and may not be effective in killing all rats.

Q3. Can I seal off all entry points to my attic to prevent rats from entering?
A3. It’s crucial to seal off entry points to your attic, but make sure to provide proper ventilation to avoid moisture buildup and prevent damage to your roof.

Q4. How long does it take to get rid of rats in my attic?
A4. The time it takes to get rid of rats in your attic depends on the severity of the infestation and the methods you use. It may take several weeks or months to eliminate all rats.

Table: Comparison of Rat Control Methods

Here is a comparison of different rat control methods you can use in your attic:

| Method | Pros | Cons |
| ————- |:————-:| —–:|
| Snap traps | Effective, affordable, reusable | May not be suitable for sensitive people or pets |
| Glue traps | Easy to use, can capture multiple rats | Inhumane, rats can struggle and suffer |
| Live traps | Humane, rats can be released into the wild | Requires effort to set and release, may not be effective for large infestations |
| Poison | Kills rats quickly | Poses a risk to pets and wildlife, may not be effective for all rats |


Getting rid of rats in your attic may seem daunting, but it’s essential to prevent further damage to your property and health risks. By following the four efficient steps we’ve outlined in this guide, you can identify signs of rat infestation, seal off entry points, set traps, and clean and disinfect your attic effectively. Remember to use safe and humane methods and take precautions to avoid contact with rat droppings or urine. With persistence and patience, you can get rid of attic rats and enjoy a pest-free home.